Braces are a treatment method used to correct crooked teeth and skeletal problems. In this treatment method, a small stainless steel bracket is attached to the teeth of people over the age of 12, and it is a treatment method that allows the teeth to be corrected with the help of braces mounted inside these brackets.
Conditions Requiring Orthodontic Treatment:
Metal Brackets (Braces)
The most commonly used treatment method in orthodontics, also known as wired therapy, is fixed orthodontic appliances, also called brackets or metal braces. Metal colored braces are being often used. In this method, brackets adhered to the teeth and passing through these parts; It consists of thin braces, also called arch braces. Tooth movements are provided by applying force to the teeth through these wires through brackets.
Covered Braces (Self Ligating)
In the treatment of braces, the substance that is adhered to the surface of the teeth is called bracket. The wire is attached to these brackets. This connection creates some friction, and as a result, it creates an advantage in some tooth movements and sometimes a disadvantage. In capped brackets, this connection is designed to reduce friction to a minimum level.
White Braces (Porcelain)
With the development of technology, metal brackets have left their place to brackets called porcelain or transparent wires and are less visible when viewed from the outside compared to other braces. In this way, not only the desired aesthetics is achieved, but also metal brackets allow orthodontic treatment. The wires passing through the transparent brackets can sometimes be metal and sometimes white.
These braces can be produced in a lighter color compared to metal-colored brackets, so they not only have the durability and breakage feature of metal brackets, but also provide the aesthetic advantage of transparent brackets.
Transparent Brackets, which are made of porcelain as a material, have the color closest to the tooth color and have the ability to be put on and taken off. It is so transparent that it cannot be noticed in the daily life of the patient. Each plaque is attached between 2-3 weeks and the teeth gradually begin to improve. They work on the same principle as the metal brackets with low visibility. This treatment method is usually applied to adults.
Lingual Orthodontics (Internal Brackets)
Lingual Orthodontics (Internally Attached Brackets) is produced in custom sizes to fit the inner faces of the teeth and adhered with special adhesives. The advantage of this method is that the brackets are not visible at all, so the patient is not disturbed aesthetically; as well as having all the advantages of fixed orthodontic treatment. This treatment method is applied if the patient's teeth are too damaged to be corrected and if there is a condition that requires more detailed treatment.
It has obvious advantages in terms of comfort. It is capable of correcting skeletal anomalies as well as correcting simple tooth crookedness. It does not constitute an obstacle in your daily life, meetings, speeches and similar special situations. It has the feature that it can be removed and reattached if desired.
Fixed Functional Devices
This treatment method is mostly used in cases where the lower jaw is behind and when skeletal correction is desired. The appropriate age for skeletal correction varies from person to person. These devices are tiny pistons mounted on fixed braces, extending from the lower jaw to the upper jaw. They are not visible outside the mouth.